From: "Alfred Moldovan, MD" <al(at)>
Date: Thu, 14 Jun 2007
Subject: [MapHist] Laiksteen-Sgrooten Holy Land map

Petrus Laiksteen, a Dutch atronomer went to Palestine in 1556. He gave his notes to Christian Sgrooten (1506-1608), a Dutch cartographer (for the Duke of Alba) who published a 9 sheet map of Palestine in 1570. The map was engraved by Joannes and Lucas van Doetecum and published by Hieronymus Cocq (1510-1670) in Antwerp in 1570. The map exists in a single copy in the British Library, Maps C.10.b.2. They also have a later copy that they listed as 1676, *705.(148). The 1570 map is reproduced in Kenneth Nebenzahl, Maps of the Holy Land, Abbeville Press. NY 1986

About 25 years ago I bought a map of Palestine (a photo of this map can be in the JNUL Holy Land map site ) by Laiksteen-Sgrooten and in correspondence with Tony Campbell, (who was then a Research Assistant at the British Library map division) compared a photo of my map with the 1676 copy at the BL and found that they were identical. The 1676 state of the map had many interesting attributes. All the changes in dates on the map were done in pen and ink. The empty cartouche in the right upper part of the map now had in it an engraving of the Infant Jesus. (Tony Campbell had previously noted for me that the empty cartouche in the 1570 state already showed signs of an earlier erased image, traces of which could still be seen in the outer edge of the Infant Christ tableau.)

In the cartouche listing Hieronymous Cocq as the publisher in Antwerp, there is engraved "vend apresent, chez N. Berey au bout du pont neuf, pres les grands Augustins" Paris. Fig 2 After the death of Cocq's widow in 1601 the plates of the 1570 Palestine map was sold to Paul de la Houve who reissued the map without alterations. Up to the present no known copy of this reissue is known.

Fig. 2

Nicholas Berey (1606-1665) bought the plates?? from de la Houve and reprinted them in 1646. He engraved his name and address on the plate, Fig.2, engraved the Infant Jesus tableau in the empty cartouche ??? and changed all the dates with pen and ink.

About one year ago I found out that the Biblitheque Nationale in Paris had 2 copies of the second state which they listed as 1646, Res. Ge DD 10121 and Res. Ge DD 6011, I requested information from the BN, but they never responded. Did I and the BL have not a second but a third state of the map? After some further research and correspondence with Prof. Gunther Schiller and Peter Meurer, I sent an enlargement of the date in my map (Fig. 1) to Prof. Brigette Bedos-Rezak of New York University,( a historian specializing in French archival material) and asked her if the 7 in the date was a 7 or a 4. She concluded that it was indeed a 4 and that the changed date was 1646 not 1676.

"Nova descriptio" (top centre). Again, the only changes affect the dates - 1556 into 1636 and 1570 into 1676.

Some further question was raised about the Vander Aa on the map and I was advised that this was Jan van der Aa, the secretary of the Council of State of Brussels,(who gave the privilege of publication to Cocq in June,1570) He had nothing to do with later Amsterdam publisher, Pieter van der Aa. Some further question was raised whether the Infant Jesus in the cartouche was engraved in the plate or pasted in. I am certain that in my copy it was definitely engraved.

Addition 25 June 2007:

This figure is in a cartouche in the upper right hand corner of the 1646 Laiksteen-Sgrooten map that I discussed in a previous note to the Maphist group. Does anyone recognize the engraving or the style?

Alfred Moldovan, MD
444 Central Park West
New York, NY 10025
Tel. 212.865.2828
Fax: 212.865.3111

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